[Pppehrserver-developers] Ignificant position in the child's

Almarza lessening at cabotcircus.com
Tue Sep 1 23:03:45 CEST 2009

 or ethical, which can be handled more adequately if the truth in
question be mastered. This need supplies motive for the learning. An end
which is the child's own carries him on to possess the means of its
accomplishment. But when material is directly supplied in the form of a
lesson to be learned as a lesson, the connecting links of need and aim
are conspicuous for their absence. What we mean by the mechanical and
dead in instruction is a result of this lack of motivation. The organic
and vital mean interaction--they mean play of mental demand and material
supply. The third evil is that even the most scientific matter, arranged
in most logical fashion, loses this quality, when presented in external,
ready-made fashion, by the time it gets to the child. It has to undergo
some modification in order to shut out some phases too hard to grasp,
and to reduce some of the attendant difficulties. What happens? Those
things which are most significant to the scientific man, and most
valuable in the logic of actual inquiry and classification, drop out.
The really thought-provoking character is obscured, and the organizing
function disappears. Or, as we commonly say, the child's reasoning
powers, the faculty of abstraction and generalization, are not
adequately developed. So the subject-matter is evacuated of its logical
value, and, though it is what it is only from the logical standpoint, is
presented as stuff only for "memory." This is the contradiction: the
child gets the advantage neither of the adult logical formulation, nor
of his own native competencies of apprehension and response. Hence the
logic of the child is hampered and mortified, and we are almost
fortunate if he does not get actual non-science, flat and common-place
residua of what was gaining scientific vitality a generation or two
ago--degenerate reminiscence of what someone else once formulated on the
basis of the experience that some further person had, once upon a time,
experienced. The train of evils does not cease. It is all too common for
opposed erroneous theories to play straight into each other's hands.
Psychological considerations may be slurred or shoved one side; they
cannot be crowded out. Put out of the door, they come back through the
window. Somehow and somewhere motive must be appealed to, connection
must be established between the mind and its material. There is no
question of getting along without this bond of connection; the only
question is whether it be such as grows out of the material itself in
relation to the 
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: mouthpiece.jpg
Type: image/jpeg
Size: 9315 bytes
Desc: not available
Url : /pipermail/pppehrserver-developers/attachments/20090901/192c5d0c/mouthpiece.jpg

More information about the Pppehrserver-developers mailing list